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The dental practice of Dr Diss, Dr Birault, Dr Ros Alsina and Dr Ferchero, Dental Surgeon in Nice
455 Promenade des Anglais – Immeuble Nice Premier 06200 Nice

What is gingivitis?


Gingivitis is the first step in the development of periodontitis.

How do I know if I have this desease?

The clinical signs of gingivitis are those of inflammation:

gingivite-12
  • A gum that is red rather than pink.
  • Swelling.
  • Bleeding when the teeth are brushed.
  • Sensitivity rather than pain as the gum has very few nerves.

How is gingivitis treated?

  • It affects the superficial  periodontium (the tissue supporting the teeth) and is reversible.
  • It occurs as a reaction to an accumulation of bacterial plaque.
  • Its treatment is based mainly on learning correct oral and dental hygiene techniques: this is known as plaque control.
  • In some cases of severe inflammation, antiseptics in the form of mouthwashes may be prescribed by the dentist for a short period of time (one week).
  • Good brushing is enough to treat it. Scaling of the teeth simply complements this by eliminating tartar.

Remember

A gum that bleeds or is swollen is a sign of gingivitis.

Even if it is not very painful, these symptoms mean you need to see your dental surgeon.